Pediatricians manage the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of their patients, in every stage of development - in good health or in illness. Generally, pediatricians focus on babies, children, adolescents, and young adults from birth to age 21 years to:
- reduce infant and child mortality.
- control infectious disease.
- foster healthy lifestyles.
- ease the difficulties of children and adolescents with chronic conditions.
Pediatricians diagnose and treat the following:
- genetic defects
- organic diseases and dysfunctions
However, pediatricians are concerned with more than physical well-being. They also are involved with the prevention, early detection, and management of other problems that affect children and adolescents, including the following:
- behavioral difficulties
- developmental disorders
- functional problems
- social stresses
- depression or anxiety disorders
Pediatrics is a collaborative specialty—pediatricians work with other medical specialists and healthcare professionals to provide for the health and emotional needs of children.