Asthma Can Be Controlled

Asthma can be controlled helping to prevent or relieve symptoms.

The first step in asthma management is environmental control. This involves taking your medications as directed and learning to avoid triggers that cause your asthma symptoms. A peak flow meter can be used to monitor lung function since lung function can decrease before symptoms of an asthma attack. There are also two major groups of medications used in controlling asthma - anti-inflammatories (corticosteroids) and bronchodilators.

Anti-inflammatories reduce the number of inflammatory cells in the airways and prevent blood vessels from leaking fluid into the airway tissues. Anti-inflammatories are used as a preventive measure to lessen the risk of acute asthma attacks.

Bronchodilators work by increasing the diameter of the air passages and easing the flow of gases to and from the lungs. They come in two basic forms - short-acting and long-acting.