Diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the body's cells may not be using insulin properly.
About 29 million Americans have diabetes. Five to 10 percent have Type 1 diabetes, while the majority are afflicted with Type 2. In addition, about two thirds of people with diabetes are living with poorly controlled blood sugars.
It is estimated that 79 million people in the U.S. have pre-diabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels rise above normal, but not yet to the level of diabetes. This signifies that Type 2 diabetes may develop. It is estimated that eight million people remain undiagnosed. These alarming trends can be reduced through preventive care, education and modest lifestyle changes.
You are at increased risk for developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes if you:
- Are 45 years of age or older
- Are overweight
- Have a family history of type 2 diabetes
- Are physically active fewer than three times per week
- Ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) or gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds
Kristen Sumners, DO, Lakeshore Health Partners Family Medicine Zeeland talks about symptoms and risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes.