There is really no way to know for sure if you're going to get kidney cancer. Certain factors can make you more likely to get kidney cancer than another person. However, just because you have one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean you will get the disease. In fact, you can have all the risk factors and not get kidney cancer, or you can have no known risk factors and still get it. Some risk factors are out of your control, such as your gender or family history. However, other risk factors, such as smoking and obesity, are factors you have control over. Read more about Kidney Cancer.